Public Transportation

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Public Transportation

Human Service Transportation Plan (HSTP)

The Journey:

The Human Service Transportation Plan (HSTP) is a unified, locally derived, comprehensive framework for delivering effective public transportation services to seniors, persons with disabilities, individuals with lower incomes, and the general public.   The purpose of the Plan is to

  1. identify the transportation needs, barriers, and gaps in access to services in rural areas
  2. recommend strategies to enhance or improve effectiveness and efficiency of rural transportation services.

The Human Service Transportation Plan is funded through the Federal Transit Authority (FTA) and the Illinois Department of Transportation (IDOT).  Participation in the HSTP is required for public transportation providers wishing to receive any funding.  There are two (2) primary funding programs for rural public transportation providers in Illinois that are supported by the HSTP.  Any public transportation provider may apply for these grants, provided they meet the guidelines.

  1. 5310 program: Enhanced Mobility for Seniors and Individuals with Disabilities

This program provides funding to states for the purpose of assisting private nonprofit groups in meeting the transportation needs of the elderly and persons with disabilities when the service provided is unavailable, insufficient, or inappropriate to meet these needs.  In Illinois, the funds are used to purchase small buses and vans for local programs.

  1. 5311 program: Formula Grants for Other than Urbanized Areas

This is the primary source of funding for public transportation providers in rural areas.   Rural is defined as a county that does not have a city or town with a population of 50,000 or more.  Eligible recipients may use the funding for capital, operating, and administrative expenses for public transportation projects that meet the needs in the rural communities.

The Drivers:

The State of Illinois is divided into eleven (11) HSTP Regions.   Illinois Department of Transportation (IDOT) has contracted with NCICG to coordinate the HSTP in region 1 (Boone, Carroll, Jo Daviess, Stephenson, and Winnebago Counties) and region 3 (Bureau, DeKalb, Grundy, Kendall, LaSalle, Lee, Ogle, and Putnam Counties).  The HSTP is developed through participation from public and private transportation service providers, human service organizations, elected officials, and the general public within that region.  Some stakeholders currently involved:


  • Local Hospitals
  • Human Service Organizations
  • Senior Centers
  • Senior Service Agencies
  • Centers for Independent Living
  • Local and/or County Governments
  • Local Transportation Agencies
  • Veteran’s Associations


The Riders:

The ultimate purpose of the HSTP is to increase mobility of the public.  The plan focuses on creating a framework to improve the coordination of transportation services for seniors, persons with disabilities, and individuals with low income.  However, any person wishing to ride may do so, regardless of age, race, ability, economic status, or destination.

Where are they going?


  • Barber/Beauty Salon
  • Community Centers
  • Community Colleges/Schools
  • Dentist
  • Grocery Stores
  • Hospitals/Clinics
  • Home
  • Library
  • Parks
  • Physical Therapy
  • Rec Centers/YMCA
  • Restaurants
  • Senior Centers
  • Shopping Centers
  • Treatment Facilities (Dialysis, Cancer, etc)
  • Work